How are Piping Spools designed, and what factors are considered in the design process?
The piping spools are designed by a process that includes cutting raw pipes, bevelling, and fitting pipe components such as flanges, and tees, welding the components with the pipe, quality control. There’s also the inspection processes, stress-relieving process, and the other surface finishing operations.
The factors that are considered in the designing process of spool piece piping are
The material quality must be good and sturdy.
The maximum and minimum working temperatures and pressures.
The chemical properties of the fluids that are going to pass through these spools.
How are Piping Spools fabricated, and what techniques are used?
The pipe spools are fabricated by using different types of raw pipes and their fittings. The pipe fittings include elbows, flanges, tees, etc. These fabricated piping spools are usually fabricated off-site.
The fabrication process is done when the pre-cut pipes are cut to specific sizes and are temporarily joined together with pipe fittings and other components. After that, this temporary assembly is welded with other spool components.
The techniques that are used in the fabrication process are:
Roll correction and welding process
Durable position fitting and welding process
What are some common inspection and testing procedures used during Piping Spool fabrication?
The quality inspections and testing procedures used during piping spool fabrication are:
The laser and camera inspection method is done for inspecting the prefabricated piping spool piece weld.
This inspection can take place around several bends.
This inspection method can be done on onshore and offshore locations.
By using this inspection method we can get the full inspection report of fabricated spools in Excel.
By using this inspection method the geometric features of pipe spool pieces like penetration, and weld space will be revealed.
This inspection method is well-calibrated and it is a fully verified system.
Piping Spool Fabrication specification
||Sch 5 to Sch XXS|
||Indian / Japan / USA / Korean|
Pipe spool fabrication
Pre-fabrication of pipe spools
CS pipe fabrication
SS spool fabrication
Prefabricated pipe spools
Pipe spool fabrication size chart
|Consturction||Grade||Size Range||Schedule / Thickness|
|Min Thk (mm)||Max Thk (mm)|
|Seamless Fabricated||CS||0.5" to 30"||10s/3 mm||XXS/85 mm|
|AS||0.5" to 30"||10s/3 mm||XXS/85 mm|
|SS||0.5" to 24"||10s/3 mm||XXS/70 mm|
|Welded Fabricated||CS||0.5" to 96"||10s/8 mm||XXS/85 mm|
|AS||0.5" to 48"||10s/8 mm||XXS/85 mm|
|SS||0.5" to 74"||10s/6 mm||XXS/70 mm|
How are Ductile iron pipe spools transported and installed in a larger piping system?
These spools are first fabricated and then stored in the spool shed area. After that, the Ductile iron pipe spools are transported to the site where assembly will be done.
The coordination and execution of this process must be good that’s why some kind of regulations should be applied on the transportation of ductile iron flanged piping spools.
The restrictions can be like before starting the ductile iron piping spool fabrication process, it is very important to know how much is available space in the spool storage area.
What are some common challenges that arise during Piping Spool fabrication, and how are they addressed?
Some common challenges that arise during piping spool fabrication are:
Choosing the right material for production: This is an important factor because the incorrect material can aggravate the properties of the pipe spool.
This problem can be addressed by choosing the right material for the PTFE-lined piping spool fabrication.
Choosing the right design: Always choose the right design for the spool because the incorrect design may not handle the fluid’s pressure and the pipe spool can get damaged. So, the recommendation is to choose the right design.
What is the role of quality control in Stainless steel pipe spools, and how is it ensured?
The role of quality control in these pipe spools is very important. It ranges from selecting the raw materials for production to the finishing process for quality control.
To ensure quality control in this stainless steel piping spool fabrication, check that the pipe spool that is manufactured meets the appropriate quality control standards. The quality control methods are visual inspection of the product, hardness test, dimensional inspection, and physical tests.